THURSDAY, Jan. 20, 2022 (HealthDay News) — If the sound of a dental drill sends shivers up your spine, you’re likely in good company: Finnish researchers say that one of every two adults fear the dentist at least a little, while one in 10 are very af…Learn More
THURSDAY, Jan. 20, 2022 (HealthDay News) — Having a child with type 1 diabetes can be a challenging health condition for parents to manage, but new research suggests an “artificial pancreas” system may beat standard treatment in controlling the blood…Learn More
THURSDAY, Jan. 20, 2022 (HealthDay News) — Women with, versus without, a history of breast cancer have a higher incidence of hypertension and diabetes up to 10 years following diagnosis, according to a study published online Jan. 13 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
Marilyn L. Kwan, Ph.D., from Kaiser Permanente Northern California in Oakland, and colleagues matched (in a 1:5 ratio) 14,942 women with invasive breast cancer (diagnosed from 2005 to 2013) to noncancer controls based on birth year, race, and ethnicity. Rates of hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia were compared by breast cancer status.
The researchers found that breast cancer cases had higher cumulative incidence rates of hypertension (10.9 versus 8.9 percent) and diabetes (2.1 versus 1.7 percent) after two years compared with controls, with higher diabetes incidence persisting after 10 years (9.3 versus 8.8 percent). Breast cancer cases had a higher risk for diabetes (subdistribution hazard ratios [sHR], 1.16) versus controls. Diabetes risk continued to be higher among cases treated with chemotherapy (sHR, 1.23), left-sided radiation (sHR, 1.29), or endocrine therapy (sHR, 1.23). For cases receiving left-sided radiation (sHR, 1.11) or endocrine therapy (sHR, 1.10), hypertension risk was higher. Higher risk was seen for cases with normal weight (body mass index, 2) both overall and within treatment subgroups versus controls.
“Study findings highlight patients with breast cancer as a vulnerable population at higher risk of cardiometabolic risk factors and support targeted cardiovascular surveillance by specific patient and treatment characteristics to mitigate these risks,” the authors write.Learn More
THURSDAY, Jan. 20, 2022 (HealthDay News) — Same-day discharge (SDD) is becoming more common for both total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA), according to a study recently published online in the Journal of Arthroplasty.
Eytan M. Debbi, M.D., Ph.D., from the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City, and colleagues used the PearlDiver All-Payer database to assess trends in primary, elective THA/TKA cases between 2010 and 2017.
The researchers found that of the 1,789,601 patients identified (68.8 percent TKA and 31.2 percent THA), 2.9 percent of TKAs and 2.2 percent of THAs were SDD. There was an increase in annual SDD rates, with a 15.8 percent mean annual change for SDD-THA and 11.1 percent for SDD-TKA. SDD patients were significantly younger and had fewer comorbidities. Overall, there was a slightly higher risk for complications requiring readmission for SDD-TKA versus non-SDD-TKA (odds ratio, 1.14; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.07 to 1.21; P
“SDD is becoming more common and likely safe with appropriate patient selection and postoperative monitoring,” the authors write.
One author disclosed financial ties to the biomedical industry.Learn More
THURSDAY, Jan. 20, 2022 (HealthDay News) — Almost half of U.S. adults report gaining weight during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a study published online in the January issue of Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research…Learn More
THURSDAY, Jan. 20, 2022 (HealthDay News) — If you need more proof that a third shot of COVID vaccine is needed, new British research confirms that boosters can “neutralize” the virus’ Omicron variant.To arrive at that conclusion, they analyzed 620 b…Learn More
THURSDAY, Jan. 20, 2022 (HealthDay News) — Insurers could prevent substantial waste by restricting prescription coverage for inappropriate use of ivermectin for COVID-19, according to a research letter published online Jan. 13 in the Journal of the A…Learn More
TURSDAY, Jan. 20, 2022 (HealthDay News) — In an article published online Dec. 29 in Cancers, long-term adverse and positive outcomes are described for survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).Charlotte Sleurs, Ph.D., from the Univers…Learn More
THURSDAY, Jan. 20, 2022 (HealthDay News) — A nomogram can assist clinicians in predicting cancer-specific survival in patients with primary intestinal non-Hodgkin lymphoma (PINHL), according to a study published online Dec. 20 in Cancer Management an…Learn More
THURSDAY, Jan. 20, 2022 (HealthDay News) — Most emergency department interventions aimed at cutting opioid prescribing cut the prescription rate but not the prescribed opioid quantity, according to a review published online Jan. 13 in JAMA Network Op…Learn More